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  • 2023-04-12
  • 八年级上册英语一单元笔记
  • 初二上英语一单元短语
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  • 八年级上册英语一单元笔记



    1. stay at home 待在家里

    2. take the bus 乘公共汽车

    3. tomorrow night 明天晚上

    4. have a class party 进行班级聚会

    改滚5. half the class 一半的同学

    6. make some food 做些食物

    7. order food 订购食物

    8. have a class meeting 开班会

    9. at the party 在聚会上

    10. potato chips 炸土豆片,炸薯条

    11. in the end 最后

    12. make mistakes 犯错误

    13. go to the party 去参加聚会

    14. have a great/good 玩得开心

    15. give sb. some advice 给某人提一些建议

    16. go to college 上大学

    17. make(a lot of)money 赚(许多)钱

    18. travel around the world 环游世界

    19. get an education 得到教育

    20. work hard 努力工作


    1. on Saturday afternoon

    2. prepare for为„„

    3. go to the doctor

    4. have the flu

    5. help my parents

    6. come to the party

    7. another time

    8. last fall

    9. go to the party

    10. hang out

    11. the day after tomorrow

    12. the day before yesterday

    13. have a piano lesson

    14. look after

    15. accept an invitaton

    16. turn down an invitation

    17. take a trip

    18. at the end of this month

    19. look forward to

    20. the opening of„


    1、milk shake 奶昔

    2、turn on 接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开

    3、pour„into„ 把„„倒入„„

    4、a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶

    5、a good idea 好主意

    6、on Saturday 在星期六

    7、cut up 切碎

    8、put„into„ 把„„放入„„

    9、one more thing 还有一件事

    10、a piece of 一片/张/段/首„„

    11、at this time 在这时

    12、a few 一些;几个

    13、fill„ with„ 用„„把„„装满

    14、cover„with„ 用„„覆盖„„

    15、one by one 一个接一个纯歼森;逐个;依次

    16、a long time 很长时间

    17、how many+可数名词复数 多少„„

    18、how much+不可数名词 多少„„

    19、It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

    20、First„Next„Then„Finally 首先„„接下来„„然后„„.最后„„


    1. on computer

    2. on paper

    3. live to do 200 years old

    4. free time

    5. in danger

    6. on the earth

    7. play a part in sth.

    8. space station

    9. look for

    10. computer programmer

    11. in the future 在未来

    12. hundreds of 许多;成百上千

    13. the same„as„ 与„„一样

    14. over and over again 多次;反复地

    15. get bored 感到厌烦的

    16. wake up 醒来

    17. fall down 倒塌

    18. will+动词原形 将要做„„

    19. fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多„„

    20. less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多„„


    1. grow up 成长;长大

    2. every day 每天

    3. be sure about 对„„有把握

    4. make sure 确信;务必

    5. send„to„ 把„„送到„„

    6. be able to

    7. the meaning of

    8. different kinds of

    9. write down

    10. have to do with

    11. take up

    12. hardly ever

    13. too„to„

    14. be going to+动词原形

    15. practice doing

    16. keep on doing sth.

    17. learn to do sth.

    18. finish doing sth.

    19. promise to do sth.

    20. help sb. to do sth.


    1. talk show 谈话节目

    2. game show 游戏节目

    3. soap opera 肥皂剧

    4. go on 发生

    5. watch a movie 看电影

    6. a pair of 一双;一对

    7. try one’s best 尽某人最大努力

    8. as famous as 与„„一样有名

    9. have a discussion about 就„„讨论

    10. one day 有一天

    11. such as 例如

    12. dress up 打扮;梳理

    13. take sb.’s place 代替;替换

    14. do a good job 干得好

    15. something enjoyable 令人愉快的东西

    16. interesting information 有趣的资料

    17. one of„„ 之一

    18. look like 看起来像

    19. around the world 全世界

    20. a symbol of „„的象征


    1. movie theater 电影院

    2. close to„ 离„„近

    3. clothes store 服装店

    4. in town 在镇上

    5. so far 到目前为止

    6. 10 minutes by bus 坐公共汽车10分钟的路程

    7. talent show 才艺表演

    8. in common 共同;共有

    9. around the world 世界各地;全世界

    10. more and more„„ 越来越„„

    11. and so on 等等

    12. all kinds of„„ 各种各样的

    13. be up to 是„„的职责;由„„决定

    14. not everybody 并不是每个人

    15. make up 编造(故事、谎言等)

    16. play a role in„ 在„„方面发挥作用/有影响

    17. for example 例如

    18. take„seriously 认真对待

    19. give sb. sth . 给某人某物

    20. come true (梦想、希望)实现;达到


    1. more outgoing 更外向

    2. as„as„ 与„„一样„„

    3. the singing competition 唱歌比赛

    4. be similar to 与„„相像的/类似的

    5. the same as 和„„相同;与„„一致

    6. be different from 与„„不同

    7. care about 关心;介意

    8. be like a mirror 像一面镜子

    9. the most important 最重要的

    10. as long as 只要;既然

    11. bring out 使显现;使表现出

    12. get better grades 取得更好的成绩

    13. reach for 伸手取

    14. in fact 事实上;实际上

    15. make friends 交朋友

    16. the other 其他的

    17. touch one’s heart 感动某人

    18. be talented in music 有音乐天赋

    19. be good at 擅长„„

    20. be good with 善于与„„相处


    1 help with housework 帮助做家务

    2 on weekends 在周末

    3 how often 多久一次

    4 hardly ever 几乎从不

    5 once a week 每周一次

    6 twice a month 每月两次

    7 every day 每天

    8 be free 有空

    9 go to the movies 去看电影

    10 use the Internet 用互联网

    11 swing dance 摇摆舞

    12 play tennis 打网球

    13 stay up late 熬夜;睡得很晚 14 at least 至少

    15 have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈课和钢琴课

    16 go to bed early 早点睡觉

    17 play sports 进行体育活动

    18 be good for 对„„有好处

    19 go camping 去野营

    20 not„at all 一点儿也不„„


    1. go on vacation 去度假

    2.stay at home 待在家里

    3.go to the mountains 去爬山

    4. go to the beach 去海滩

    5. visit museums 参观博物馆

    6. go to summer camp 去参加夏令营

    7.quite a few 相当多

    8.study for 为„„而学习

    9.go out 出去

    10.most of the time 大部分时间

    11. taste good 尝起来很好吃

    12.have a good time 玩得高兴

    13. of course 当然

    14.feel like 给„„的感觉;感受到

    15.go shopping 去购物

    16.in the past 在过去

    17. walk around 四处走走

    18. because of 因为

    19. one bowl of„ 一碗„„

    20. the next day 第二天


    语法:Unit 1 How often do you exercise?

    Grammar: 特殊疑问句:wh-questions: what, who, where, when, which, whose, why, whom等。


    结构:特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句, 即:特殊疑问词+be/助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语/表语(+其他)


    1) Who:谁。做主语,用来指人Who is the boy under the tree?

    2)Whom 谁,做宾语,用来指人 Whom are you writing to?

    3) Whose 谁的,用来指所属关系,如果做定语,一般后接名词 Whose pen is this?

    4) Which 哪个,哪些,用来指对人或物在一定范围之伏基内进行选择 Which grils will in the sports meeting? Which pen is Lily’s?

    5)What什么,通常指物,也可指人,一般用在没有指出范围的情况下 What can you see in the picture? What are you doing now?


    When:何时,询问时间When will she come back?

    Where何地,询问地点, Where do you come from?

    Why为什么,询问原因, Why are you late for school?

    How 如何,询问手段、方式、以及程度等 How do you usually go to school?

    How old多大,询问年龄,How old is Jim’s little brother?

    How many/much多少,询问数量How many birds are there in the tree?

    How far多远,询问距离, How far is it form your home to school?

    How long多长,多久,询问时间的长度或距离 How long will you stay in Beijing?

    How often多长时间按一次,询问频率 How often do you go to see your grandparents?

    How soon多久,询问时间 How soon will you come back?

    频率副词:表示动作发生的频率,never, sometimes, often, usually, always.

    Unit 2 What’s the matter with you?


    1. 用have 来描述身体不适仿厅斗 have/have got a +疾病名字;得了……病

    2.情态动词should,情态动词should,can, may, must没有人称和时态的变化,后接动词原形

    Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?

    Grammar:现在进行时表将来 一般将来时

    表示将要做某事或计划打算做某事要用到句型“be+doing”其中be是助动词,它有人称和单复数的变化。Be: am, is, are. be + v.ing是现在进行时的形式,但用于表示将来。用进行时表将来,常用于表示即将来临的未来预定要做的事情,一般指个人计划要做的事。用于此情况的动词一般是表示位置转移的动词,如,go, come, leave, start, arrive, move等。


    I am going shopping this afternoon.

    二.否定句是在be之后加not.I’m not going to shopping this afternoon.

    三.一般疑问句是将be置于句首 Are you going shopping this afternoon?—Yes, I am/ we are.No, I’m not./ We aren’t.


    What are you doing for vacation? When is he going camping?

    Who are you going there with? Where is she going?

    Unit 4 How do you get to school?

    Grammar: How引导的特殊疑问句:是指以How, how far, how long, how old,how many, how much等词开头的疑问句。

    How does he get to shool?---- He takes the train to get to shool.

    How long does it take to walk? ----It takes about 35 minutes to walk.

    How far is it from your home to school? It’s four miles from my home to school.

    How old is he now? She is twelve years old now.

    How many storybooks do you have? I have five storybooks.

    How much is this coat? This coat is 200 yuan.

    特殊疑问句的简略结构:how about…?+ 名词或动词-ing形式,用于提出建议、请求或征求意见、询问消息等。如:How about playing tennis?

    Unit 5Can you come to my party?



    Can 是最长用的情态动词,其后跟动词原形,can的否定形式为cannot,can’t.

    can表“能力”,意思是:能,会 I can paly basketball,but I can’t swim.

    can表示能力时可和be able to 互换,be able to有更多的时态,常被用来表示can所 不能表示的将来或完成的概念。E.g. They will be able to run this machine on their own in three months.

    表示“可能性”,意思是:可以,可能。That big cinema can seat 5,000 people.

    表示允许,意思是可以能够 You can have the book when I have finished it.


    This can’t be true. Can it be true?



    Can you come to…?

    Could you come to…?

    Would you like to come to…?

    Do you want to come to…?


    Sure.Certainly. OK. I’d love to.


    I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to…

    I’m afraid I can’t. I have to…

    I don’t think I can. I have to…

    Unit 6I’m more outgoing than my sister.



    than 是比较级中最常见的标志词,意思是“比”。用于引出比较的对象。1.He draws better than me.2.You’re older than I am. You are older than me.

    形容词比较级前,有时可以用much,far, a little,a bit, even, three times等词来修饰。Much 和far表示“……得多”,much better好得多,a little, a bit表示稍微,一些,一点。a little shorter, 稍微矮点;even表示“甚至,更加,还要……”even bigger还要大些,three times表示 “…三倍”,如three times bigger than 比……大三倍

    Very绝不可以用来修饰比较级,very,so,too, quite 修饰原级

    短语:Unit One1.how often 多久一次2.hardly ever 几乎不3.as for 至于4.junk food 垃圾食品5.a lot of 许多6.of course 当然7.look after 照顾8.do exercise 锻炼9.make a difference 有区别\有重要性10.surf the Internet 浏览因特网11.Animal World 动物世界12.do homework 做家庭作业13.a healthy lifestyle 健康生活方式14.get good grades 获得好成绩15.get up 起床16.keep in good health 保持健康17.once or twice a week 每周一两次18.eating habits 饮食习惯19.ten to eleven times 十到十一次20.pretty healthy 相当健康21.go to the movie 去看电影22.watch TV 看电视23.read books 看书24.the result for "watch TV" 看电视调查结果25.be good for 对…有益26.want sb to do sth 想让某人做某事27.try to do sth 试着做某事28 .how many hours 多少小时Unit Two1.have a cold 患感冒2.a few 有些3.at the moment 此时\现在4.have a stomachache 肚子疼5.have a sore throat 嗓子疼6.have a fever 发烧7.lie down 躺下8.see a dentist 看牙医9.have a headache 头疼10.have a toothache 牙疼11.hot tea with honey 热茶加蜂蜜12.stressed out 紧张13.go to bed early 早睡觉14.listen to music 听音乐15.go to party 参加音乐会16.on the other hand 在另一方面17.stay healthy 保持健康18.have a sore back 背疼19.traditional Chinese doctors 传统中医20.a balance of yin and yang 阴阳平衡21.too much 太多22.a balanced diet 饮食平衡23.go out at night 在晚上出去24.feel well 感觉舒服25.conversation practice 对话练习26.host family 房东27.give sb a fever 导致某人发烧Unit Three1.at home 在家2.how long 多久3.get back 回来4.think about 思考5.decide on 决定\选定6.theGreat Wall 长城7.go fishing 去钓鱼8.take a vacation 去度假9.something different 不同的东西10.go camping 去野营11.go hiking 徒步行12.show sb sth 给某人看某物13.have a good time 玩得愉快14.go bike riding 骑自行车行15.go sightingseeing 去观光16.go fishing 去钓鱼17.rent videos 租录像带18.take walks 去散步19.vacation plans 假期计划20.plan to do sth 计划去做某事21.make a movie 拍一部电影22.go swimming 去钓鱼23.go shopping 去购物Unit Four1.get to school 到校2.ride a bike 骑自行车3.take the subway 乘地铁4.take the train 乘火车5.take a bus 乘公共气车\by bus6.take a taxi 乘出租车7.walk to school 走到学校8.how far 多远9.bus station 公共气车站\bus stop10.have a quick breakfast 匆匆吃过早饭11.leave for 前往12.the early bus 早班13.the bus ride 公共气车之行14.at about six –thity 在大约六点半15.around the world 全世界16.North America 在北美17.means of transportation 交通方式18.a number of / the number of19.on weekends 在周末20.be ill in the hospital 生病住院21.a map in Chinese 中文地图22.speak Chinese 讲汉语23.thank you so much 这样感谢你24.don't worry 不要担心Unit Five1. 来参加我的晚会 come to my party2. 在周六下午 on Saturday afternoon3. 上钢琴课 have a piano lesson4. 去看医生 go to the doctor5. 太多家庭作业 too much homework6. 谢谢邀请 Thanks for asking.7. 玩得高兴 have fun8. 去商业街 go to the mall9. 棒球比赛 baseball game10. 后天 the day after tomorrow11. 为考试而学习 study for a test12. 多谢邀请 Thanks a lot for the invitation.13. 在度假期 be on vacation14. 保持安静 keep quiet15. 打网球 play tennis16. 足球比赛 football match17. 文化俱乐部 culture club18. 整天 the whole day19. 过来 come over to20. 去看牙医 go to the dentist21. 来加入我们 Come and join us.22. 我愿意 I'd love to.23. 下一次 another time24. 临时照看他的妹妹 babysit his sisterUnit Six1. 在某些方面 in some ways2. 看起来一样 look the same3. 看起来不同 look different4. 喜欢参加晚会 enjoy going to the parties5. 多于; 超过 more than6. 共用; 共有 in common7. 同…一样… as…as8. 擅长; 在…方面做得好 be good at9. 与…一样 the same as10. 使我大笑 make me laugh11. 大多数 most of12. 与…不同 be different from13. 相反的观点 opposite views14. 善待孩子们 be good with children15. 喜欢讲笑话 enjoy telling jokes16. 招聘老师 teacher wanted17. 停止讲话 stop talking18. 呆在家 stay at homeReview of units 1-61. 以…开始 begin with2. 游泳池 swimming pool3. 一起; 总共 all together希望能帮到你。









    ⑤动词后的t d和ding 的区别








    1、g n vacatin去度假 ,

    2、 sta at he 呆在家,

    3、g t the untains 上山/进山 ,

    4、 g t the beach到海边去,

    5、visit useus 参观博物馆,

    6、g t suer cap 去夏令营,

    7、 quite a fe而且因为坏天气,我们也没能看到下面的


    辨析:because f与because

    a. because f意为“因为,由于”,后可接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

    He lst his b because f his age.

    b. because意为“因为”,引导状语从句,即接句子。

    I didn’t bu the shirt because it

    frget ding sth. 意为“忘记做过某事(事情已经做过了)” eg: I frget clsing the

    15. Abut ne hur later, 老师刚才告诉我们擦窗户。

    2)eep ding sth. 意为“继续做某事,一直做某事”。

    She TV fr tw hurs last night. 昨晚她持续看了两个小时的电视。

    23. Everne uped up and dwn in exciteent. 大家都兴奋地跳起来。(P8)

    up and dwn 意为“上上下下;来来回回”,在句中作状语。

    22. 反身代词:self , urselves, urself , urselves, hiself, herself, itself, theselves.

    作动词或介词的宾语:经常在en, teach, hurt, bu, intrduce, dress, ill等动词和b, fr, t, f等介词后作宾语。一年主考宾语回自身

    He is teaching hiself English.她在自学英语。

    She was taling t herself.她自言自语。

    He lives b hiself in the cuntr.他独自住在乡下。

    1) Help urself! 请随便吃吧!/请自己去取吧!

    2) Mae urself at he! 别客气!

    3) ae urself heard /understd. 使你的话被人听得见/理解

    4) teach neself 自学=learn b neself

    5) b neself 独自

    6) fr neself 为自己;替自己

    7) en neself 玩的愉快

    8) dress neself 给余纤大自己穿衣

    23.few, little, a few, a little :的用法few, a few修饰可数名词,little, a little修饰不可数名词。few, little具有否定意义,表示“几乎没有”,a few, a little具有肯定意义,表示“一些”。

    He has little ne, but few students want t lend ne t hi.他几乎没有钱竖启,但是几乎没有学生想借钱给他。

    There is a little il and a few apples left in the fridge.冰箱里还有一些牛奶和一些苹果。

    拓展: 八年级上册英语知识点:Unit2






































    1. 去夏令营go camping

    2. what感叹句:What a/an +形+名词单数!

    3. What+ 形+ 名词复数!

    4. how感叹句:How+形/副 How+形/副 the …

    5. 判断方法:去小句看尾词,有名用what,无名就用how

    6. 与…是不相通的be different from

    7. A和B相同之处the differences between A and B

    8. 向上走去walk up to…

    搭轿9. 在…的顶部at the top of …

    10. 开始做某事start to do /start doing

    11. 坐火车去…take the train to …=go to …by train

    12. 步行去某地|go to …on foot =walk ..to

    13. 飞往某地fly to …=go to ….by plane

    14. 等待…wait for ….迫不及待做can’t wait to do

    15. 超过over=more than

    16. 一个半小时an hour and a half==one and a half hours

    肆枝塌17. 一年半one year and a half =one and a half years

    18. 太…much too +形、副

    19. 太多的too many+名词复数/too much + 不可数

    20. 因为because +句子、because of +名词/doing

    21. 下面的,…以下below 在…正下方under

    22. enough用法:enough +名词,形+enough (名前形后)

    23. 足裂圆够的钱enough money

    24. good enough足够好

    25. 一碗大米a bowl of rice

    26. 如此…结果…so +形that+句子(so…that )

    27. 太…而不能too+ 形+to do (too…to do )

    28. 听起来很好sound great.(sound +形)

    29. 第二天the next day

    30. 忘记去做forget to do

    31. 忘记做过forget doing

    32. 三天后(过去时)3 days later=after 3 days

    33. 沿路along the way

    34. 停止去干stop to do

    35. 停止正在干的stop doing

    36. 另外两个小时another 2 hours ==2 more hours

    37. 互相each other

    38. 为什么不做Why not do=Why don’t you do?

    39. 在我们的学校旅行中on our school trip

    40. 随身携带take …with sb

    41. 寻找look for

    42. 找到find

    43. 弄清楚find out

    44. 如何做……:how to do sth

    45. 用绷带把伤口缠好:put a bandage on the cut

    46. 陷入麻烦中:get into trouble

    47. 伤着自己:hurt oneself

    48. 流鼻血:have a nosebleed

    49. 休息一下:have a rest/take breaks/take a break

    50. 一个生病的人:a sick man


    1. 去度假go on vacation

    2. 去山里go to the mountains

    3. 呆在家里stay at home

    4. 拜访某人/参观某地visit sb/visit sw(某地)

    5. 陷入:get into

    6. 企图……:mean to do 意

    7. 味着:mean doing sth

    8. 介意做……mind doing sth

    9. 保持健康:stay healthy/keep healthy

    10. 处于良好的健康状态:be in good health

    11. 没有多加考虑:without thinking twice

    12. 感冒:have a cold/catch a cold

    13. 需要做某事:need to do sth

    14. 和…一样:the same as…..

    15. 与….不同:be different from

    16. 去看医生:see a doctor\go to see a doctor

    17. 最好做某事:had better do sth

    18. 最好不做某事:had better not do sth

    19. 76……的意义:the meaning of….

    20. 如此难的问题:such a difficult problem

    21. 如此快:so fast/so quickly

    22. 如此高兴:so happy

    23. 请随意….help oneself to

    24. 玩得开心:enjoy oneself

    25. 独立地:by oneself

    26. 带老人去医院:take the old man to hospital

    27. 把人移到车上:move the man onto the bus

    28. 讲述:tell of 讲故事:tell stories 说谎:tell lies

    29. 后背痛:have a sore back

    30. 胃痛、肚子痛:have a stomachache

    31. 喝足够的水:drink enough water

    32. 喉咙非常痛:have a very sore throat

    33. 躺下来休息:lie down and rest

    34. 在水下冲:run it under water

    35. 下车:get off 上公交车:get on the bus

    36. 赶公交车:catch the bus

    37. 带蜂蜜的热茶:hot tea with honey

    38. 看牙医:see a dentist

    39. 9拍X光:get an X-ray

    40. 敷一些药:put some medicine on it

    41. 划伤自己:cut myself

    42. 发高烧: have a fever

    43. 远离…休息take breaks away from…

    44. 没有移动: without moving

    45. 以同样的方式:in the same way

    46. 有心脏病:have a heart problem

    47. 在公路的一侧:on the side of the road

    48. 大声求救:shout for help

    49. 用完:run out of

    50. 从…出来get out of


    1. 在图片里、在地图里in the picture /in the map

    2. 备战考试study for the tests

    3. 有趣的事情something interesting 不定+形容

    4. be + 形,形+名,动+副

    5. 打排球play volleyball 球类不加the

    6. 弹钢琴play the piano 西乐要加the

    7. 你要和谁一起去Who did you go with?

    8. 你要和某人一起去吗?Did you go with anyone?

    9. 好久不见Long time no see!

    10. 拍照片take photos of sb

    11. 许多,大量的a lot of =lots of =quite a few =many =much =hundreds of

    12. 有一些(肯定)a few +名词复数

    13. 几乎没有(否定)few+名词复数

    14. 有一些(肯定)a little +不可数名词

    15. 几乎没有(否定)little +不可数名词

    16. few –fewer –fewest

    17. little –less—least

    18. 大多数的most of the …

    19. 玩的开心|have a good time doing =have fun doing =enjoy oneself

    20. Who ….?No one!

    21. How many ….? None .

    22. 为某人买buy …for sb =buy sb …

    23. 尝起来taste +形容词taste delicious

    24. 第一个去做the first to do …

    25. 30….怎么样?what’s …like?==How is ….?

    26. 你认为…怎么样?What do you think of…?=How do you like …?

    27. 在农场on the farm 农夫famer

    28. 似乎It seems to do==it seems that /seem+形容词

    29. 有某人在做there be sb doing

    30. 有某事需要做there be sth to do

    31. 记日记keep a diary 写日记write a diary

    32. 喂养…keep …=feed ….

    33. 保持做,一直做keep doing /keep sb doing

    34. 坚持做keep on doing

    35. 40….的答案the answer to ==the key to …

    36. 在右边、在左边on the right/left

    37. 享受,喜欢enjoy,有乐趣的enjoyable

    38. 时间表达in +大,on+天,at+点,for +段

    39. 在…的早晨on the morning of =on the …morning

    40. 到达arrive in +大,arrive at +小=reach…=get to

    41. 决定做decide to do

    42. 下定决心做make a decision to do

    43. 尽力做某事try to do =try one’s best to do =do one’s best to do

    44. 尝试做try doing

    45. 试穿try on

    46. 感觉像feel like +句子、feel like +名词/doing

    47. .中的许多many of /一些some of /both of 两个/either of 两个中任一个/neither of 两者中没一个

    48. 想知道wonder =want to know

    49. 在过去in the past

    50. 到处走动walk around …

    51. 对……感兴趣:be interested in

    52. 处于非常危险的境地:in a very dangerous situation

    53. 冒险:take risks

    54. 做决定:make decisions

    55. 决定做:decide to do sth

    56. 掌管:be in control of

    57. 放弃:give up

    58. 考虑:think about

    59. 立刻、马上:right away at once

    60. 步行:on foot

    61. 的重要性:the importance of ….

    62. 一直持续做…..keep on doing sth

    63. 切断:cut off

    64. 切碎:cut up

    65. 砍倒::cut down

    66. 习惯于:be used to doing

    67. 过去、曾经:uesd to….

    68. be ready to do sth愿意马上做……

    69. be ready for 为…..做准备

    70. 几天:a few days several days

    71. 穿上:put on 脱下:take off

    72. 摔倒:fall down 落后:fall behind

    73. 洗你的脸:clean your face

    74. 撞击头部:get hit on the head

    75. 晒伤:get sunburned

    76. 把你的头后仰:put your head back

    77. 多亏了,由于:thanks to

    78. 等公共汽车:wait for the bus

    79. 另……吃惊的是:to my/your/her/his/our/their/surprise/

    80. 期待做…….:expect sb to do sth

    81. 及时:in time 准时:on time

    82. 看见某人正在做……..:see sb doing sth

    83. 看到某人做某事的过程:see sb do sth

    84. 呼吸困难:have problems /trouble breathing

    85. 一次严重的事故:have a serious accidents

    86. 整个周末:all weekend

    87. 同意做某事:agree to do

    88. 同意某人….:agree with sb

    89. 量我的/他的/她的/你的体温: take my/his/her/your temperature

    90. 有心脏病:have a heart problem

    91. 考虑挽救生命:think about saving a life (save)

    92. 想要….feel like doing sth

    93. 一个八岁的女孩:an eight-year-old girl

    94. 一部叫工夫熊猫的电影:a movie called Kong Fu Panda

    95. 以便于……:so that…

    96. 几把刀:several knives (knife---knives)


    Unit 1

    1.go to the movies=go to the cinema 去看电影

    2.look after=take care of 照顾

    3.surf the Internet 上网

    4.healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

    5.go skateboarding 去划板

    6.(be) in good health =(be)healthy身体健康

    7.keep healthy=stay healthy=keep in good health 保持健康

    8.as for至于

    9.exercise=take/do exercise=play sports=do sports锻炼,做运动

    10. eating habits 饮食习惯

    11. the same as 与……相同

    12. once a month一月一次

    13. be different from 不同

    14. twice a week一周两次

    15. make a difference to 对什么有影响

    16. how often 多久一次

    17. although=though虽然

    18. most of the students=most students大多数学生

    19. activity survey活动调查

    20. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物

    21. do homework做家庭作业

    22. do housework做家务事岩乱

    23. junk food垃圾食物

    24. be good/bad for 对……有益(害)

    25. on/at weekends 在周末

    26. want to do sth=would like to do sth=feel like doing sth 想做某事

    27. want sb to do sth= would like sb to do sth想某人做某事

    28. try to do sth 尽量做某事

    a) try doing sth 试着做某

    b) try one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事

    29. come home from school放学回家

    30. of course=certainly=sure当然

    31. get good grades取得好成绩

    32. help sb ( to )do sth 帮助某人做某事,

    33. help sb with sth在某方面帮助某人

    34. a lot of =lots of=many /much许多,大量的

    Unit 2

    1. have a cold =catch a cold =have got a cold 感冒

    2. a sore back/throat 背(咽喉)痛

    3. have a stomachache 胃痛

    4. lie down and rest 躺下休息

    5. see a dentist 看牙医

    6. drink lots of water 多喝水

    7. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

    8. a good idea 好孝嫌主意.

    9. stressed out 筋疲力尽

    10.a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

    11.traditional Chinese doctors传统中医医生

    12.a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和

    13.too much yin 阴气太盛

    14.a balanced diet饮食平衡

    15.healthy/yin/yang food 健巧枣手康(阴性,阳性)食品

    16.at the moment = now 此刻

    17.stay healthy =keep healthy =keep in good health= keep fit 保持健康

    18.enjoy oneself = have a good time =have fun=have a wonderful time 玩得高兴,过得愉快

    19.host family 寄宿家庭

    20.conversation practice会话练习

    21.enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事,

    like doing sth喜欢做某事,practice doing sth. 练习做某事,

    mind doing sth介意做某事,finish doing sth. 完成某事,

    give up doing sth 放弃做某事, keep doing sth. 坚持做某事

    can’t stand doing sth.忍不住做某事, have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快

    即:practice, mind, finish, give up, keep, can’t stand, have fun等与enjoy用法基本相似。

    Unit 3

    1. spend time with friends和朋友们一起度过时光

    2. a sports camp 运动野营

    3. How about = What about ……怎么样

    4. go camping 去野营, go shopping 去买东西,go swimming 去游泳,

    go boating去划船,go skating 去溜冰, go walking去散步,

    go climbing 去登山,go dancing去跳舞,go hiking 去徒步远足,

    go sightseeing 去观光,go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,go fishing 去钓鱼

    5. do some shopping 买东西,do some washing 洗衣服,

    do some cooking 作饭, do some reading读书,

    do some speaking训练口语

    6. how long1)多长时间 (询问动作在时间上所延续的长度)

    2)多长 (询问事物的长度)

    7. show sb sth = show sth to sb.出示某物给某人看

    give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,

    pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,

    sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我

    buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,

    make me a cake=make a cake for me给我做蛋糕

    8. get back=come back回来

    9. take walks=go for walks散步

    10. think about 考虑

    11. decide on= decide upon 决定计划

    12. something different 不同的事情

    13. a great/exciting vacation 一个愉快的(令人激动的)假期

    14. can’t wait to do sth 等不及做某事

    15. a famous movie star 著名的影星

    16. ask sb about sth 向某人询问某事

    17. forget to do sth 忘记要做某事

    forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

    Unit 4

    1. get to school = arrive at school= reach school 到校

    2. a bus stop公共汽车站, a train/ subway station火车(地铁站)站,

    a bus station客运站, a TV station 电视台

    3. take the subway 乘地铁

    4. ride a bike 骑自行车

    5. take the/a bus乘公共汽车

    6. want to do sth.想做某事

    7. take a taxi乘坐出租车

    8. walk to school 步行上学

    9. go in one’s car 坐(某人的)车

    10. in North America 在北美

    11. by bike/ bus/ subway/ car/ train乘坐……车

    12. in other parts of the world在世界的其他地区

    13. have a quick breakfast迅速吃早饭

    14. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定

    15. the early bus 早班车

    16. leave for 起程(动身)前往……

    17. take sb to sp 带某人到某处

    18. a number of=many 许多

    the number of..….的数量

    20. Doing sth takes sb some time/ money.

    =It takes sb some time/money to do sth.

    =sb spends some time/money (on sth).

    =sb spends some time/money (in) doing sth.

    =sth costs sb some time/money.

    =sb pay some money for sth.


    21. worry about (sth/sb) = be worried about (sb/sth)


    22. around the world= all over the world 世界各地,全世界

    23. be different from 与……不同

    24. how far 多远

    25. the way of……的方式

    26. the way to 到……去的路

    27. the mean of ……的方式

    28. the meaning of ……的意思

    Unit 5

    1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会

    2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午

    3. study for a test为测验而学习

    4. go to the doctor=see a doctor 去看医生

    5. have/take a piano/guitar lesson 上一堂钢琴(吉他)课

    6. much too 太,过于

    7. too much 太多

    8. birthday party 生日聚

    9. soccer practice 足球训练

    10. look for 寻找

    11. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明

    12. be (go) on vacation 度假

    13. join sb.加入某人(的行列)

    14. a football match足球比赛

    15. keep quiet 保持安静, ( keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”)

    keep + (sb)+doing (使某人)不停地做某事

    keep sth 保存某物,饲养某物

    16. a culture club 文化俱乐部

    17. “给某人打电话”的几种说法:

    call sb (up), phone sb (up), phone to sb, telephone sb (up),

    telephone to sb,ring sb (up), give sb a ring, give sb a phone,

    make a telephone (call) to sb.

    18. have to 不得不,必须

    19. the day after tomorrow 后天

    20. a science report 科学报告

    21. come over 过来,顺便来访

    22. the whole day =all the day 整天

    23. geography project 地理作业